After undertaking a 5 week artist’s book making project, I have finally completed my first Artist’s book. I have been making pages using different print techniques with a view to binding them into a book but I didn’t really know how it would be bound or what to expect so I just worked hard on creating lots of different pages to fill it with. I chose the pages I wanted to include before starting the binding process and discounted quite a few that had ink stains on them or were similar to other prints etc.
I folded the chosen pages and put them into signatures before stitching all the signatures together so all the pages turned as one body like a book. I then glued the spin and placed skrim over it and weighted all the pages down, just to help keep the book together. I was already so pleased with my book and it didn’t even have a cover, I couldn’t believe that my 5 weeks had amounted to this and it was all coming together so well. I cut a front and back cover and a spine and covered them with book cloth before gluing my book in place in the cover and leaving it to dry.
I am so pleased with my Artist’s book, it links to my subject work and has a connection to nature. It incorporates different ways of printing with nature as well as hand-made paper with nature embedded in it. Turning through the pages of the book It definitely makes me feel connected to the natural world. I have employed so many print processes and without undertaking this project I would never have explored the possibilities of creating a connection between art and nature through print. It is so satisfying to know you made the book down to the paper and hand printed the title etc. I am very proud of my artist’s book and will treasure it. I have learnt a valuable new skill and I would like to make more books in the future.
This week’s session introduced screen printing techniques. I have experimented with screen printing techniques before, but only using paper stencils and pulling the ink through them. In this session, we were taught how to expose an image/drawing onto a screen in order to print it, coating the screen with photo sensitive emulsion and exposing.
We were shown different ways of creating marks that would expose onto a screen by drawing and printing onto drafting paper. Inkeeping with my nature themed book, I decided to roll ink onto natural elements and burnish them onto the drafting paper. I used a wooden spoon to rub over leaves (which printed most successfully) and make prints from them on the paper.
I was suprised at how much detail this technique picked up. And as well as using these to expose onto a screen I am going to incorporate them into my book as transparent pages. In terms of exposing them, I used a short exposure time and washed the emulsion off gently.
The images were very delicate and lines thin and so I wasn’t sure how much of the image would actually be visible when screen printed. I printed with blends of colour and as I predicted at first, they didn’t print very well but after applying more pressure and giving it a few gos the images were printing. All the examples of screen print I have seen has been very bold, full of block colour and definite lines but I wanted to achieve a much more subtle print through screen printing. I rotated the print and kept pulling to fill the page with the leaf prints and make patterns, I also printed on top of some of my existing book pages.
Even though I am pleased with the screen printed outcomes, I much prefer some of the other processes we have used like mono-print and embossing lino, however screen print is a good way of making a lot of book pages quickly. I don’t think screen print is something I will be revisiting and I didn’t really enjoy the process of it but I have learnt a new skill and make some valuable pages for my book.
In this weeks book making session we were introduced to lino printing techniques and embossing. I have worked with cutting into lino and printing from the plate before and so I wanted to do something different with it. Also, I have found that the outcomes I have produced from cutting into lino in the past have been quite bold and thick in line width. For my nature book, I wanted to capture the fragility and delicateness of the leaves and twigs that I have been working with. I didn’t think that cutting imagery of them out of lino would really get a sense of that, so I experimented to create my outcomes.
I heated up the lino on the hot plate until it was malleable and softer, I then placed it on top of leaves I collected from the park and ran it through the etching press, hoping that the textures, veins and shapes of the leaves would push into the lino making a mark and I could then use the plate to print from. I didn’t think that I would get a very good result because the leaves were so thin and there wasn’t really much to put in but this workshop is all about experimentation and so I gave it a go. I was very surprised at how much detail the lino actually picked up and with a bit of light inking I was able to print quite delicate prints from it that almost look like x-rays of the leaves and twigs. I am very pleased with these outcomes and never thought that this is the sort of outcome I could achieve through this process, it is very delicate and captures a precious nature.
As well as embossing into the Lino and Printing from it, I also embossed the Leaves and twigs into paper to add to my book. The outcomes are very subtle and because the natural elements are so thin, aren’t embossed particularly deep into the paper but are visible none the less. The veins and structures of the different leaves are very elegant.
These prints will make valuable additions to my nature book, contrasting and being juxtaposed with the more bold mono-printing techniques from last weeks session. In my own time, I have also been printing collagraphs of nature to go in my book. I am really looking forward to seeing the outcome with all the different processes and imagery bound together.
Having not been focussing on my subject module for a matter of months, I found I needed to experiment with different techniques and make work slowly easing me back into my nature inspired project. I was thinking about the fact that so many of our art materials actually derive from nature and how to some extent, without nature, art may not be so extensive. Obviously paper comes from trees and pigments and oils and shellacs etc derive from the natural world, but also I paint on board which led me to think about making some woodcuts.
Carving into wood goes far back in history and I feel that eventhough I am not using the raw materials I have found outside like I have been doing within my project, I am still to some extent calling upon nature for the material to allow me to make my prints.
I started by simply cutting out simple imagery of the Brecon Beacons Mountains using line and mark making, then painted shellac (another material originating from nature) over the carvings to seal them and printed them to see the kind of marks that I was achieving from the woodcut.
I was suprised by the prints and after seeing how just some simple marks could create such an interesting outcome I decided I would experiment with layering woodcuts on top of each other and cutting more out of the carving eachtime to create different layers of colour peering through each other.
I have never experimented with this technique before but you learn by experimenting and I am pleased with the results. It was quite difficult to get my head around at first because everything that you carve out will be the colour that you printed out before but I got it in time. This was a very time consuming process and even though I am very happy with the outcomes I don’t think it will be something I will be revisiting this year as I do have a time limit.
In Producing an art project where art has a connection to nature, I think it is important to be experimenting with materials that come from “art” (board, paper, paint, brushes etc) and materials that come from nature (leaves,twigs, moss) in order to find a relationship between the two. I have done a lot of experimentation with both areas within this project and I now feel that I am more equipped to decided what I want to produce towards and as my final outcomes of the project.
After attending a collagraph workshop and thinking about different ways that I can incorporate nature into art, I decided to collagraph some elements that I have collected on walks through natural environments and see what kind of detail would come out in the prints. I simply glued the elements to square pieces of card, painted shellac over the top of them, allowed them to dry and inked them up to print. Some of the plates came out better than others. It is interesting taking prints directly from nature itself. The marks in my opinion, have a greater connection to nature than if you were to draw it from observation. As well as the Prints, I think the plates are very beautiful objects and definitely artistically depict nature.
Some of the leaves and foliage I picked up wasn’t that textured or raised from the card and so didn’t print as well. But overall the prints I produced are quite successful. They show all the veins of the leaves and document some of the textures of nature that you may not see with the naked eye. This was a worthwhile experiment and has allowed me to document nature in a new way.
I think I am going to print these collagraphs again onto paper to go in my nature themed artists book that I am working on in and outside the artists book making workshops I am attending on Thursdays. I want to include a variety of different printing techniques into the book, depicting natural elements so these collagraphs will be a great addition.
From tutorials, It has been said that my drawings that contain mark making and abstracted shapes were highly interesting and something that I should think about continuing to work with. I decided to Etch some into perspex and use the Etchings to make Prints.
Incorporating print techniques into my project adds another skill and another progression from my drawings. Using my drawings as a starting point, it may be interesting to apply them to different processes so that I both expand my skill base and have a versatile body of work.
The etching plates are interesting artefacts in their own right also. When light was shone through them before they were printed the drawings were clearly visible and after printed contained the process of a print as well as a textural drawing itself. I experimented with coloured inks as well as black.
I am very pleased with the outcomes that I created through etching. The lines are far more solid and the mark making more direct than in my drawings. However. there is one PROBLEM with etching or using print techniques to make my Landscape work and that is that the image comes out back to front and so the landscape is effectively backwards and the mountains on the wrong side of each other. I don’t think this really matters too much, as it is more about the mark making and documentation of the place and because it is abstracted, isn’t an accurate representation of the area anyway.
Maybe I could carve my drawings into wood and make wood cut prints also or lino prints. My abstracted landscape drawings document place whilst incorporating the influence of John Piper’s mark making and texture. I think utilising this in different mediums and techniques/processes is valuable.